Ecofeminism in Surfacing: A Study of Self-Discovery
The ideology of feminism is now-a-days postulated as one of the most area of theories for turning the wheel of traditional gender role based primarily on the concept of biological essentialism. Traditional gender role has established the superiority of men as ?rational, strong, protective, and decisive; they cast women as emotional (irrational), weak, nurturing and submissive.? (Lois Tyson:85). In this way, it helps to make prominent the binary opposition between men and women. Throughout the world, women have been subjuged by the patriarchial dominance and patriarchial hegemony prevalent in the discursive power-structure of the society. Biological essentialism makes the hegemonic domination of men over women stronger as this concept believes in the inborn inferiority of women in the society. Simon de Beauvoir, a French materialist feminist critic, opines in her well known book ?The Second Sex? (1949) about the discursive practice to subjugate women depending on the concept of their inborn inferiority and brings to light the true face of intentions behind such assumptions. She has used the term ?the second sex? with ?reference to woman cut ice? (Bijoy Kumar Das, 64). Due to the result of biological essentialism women are compelled to treat themselves as inferior to men in the cases of taking any decision, physical labour, rational thinking, achieving the desired aim in career etc. But, Beauvoir very clearly articulated the social/cultural position of women in the society by asserting: ?one is not born a woman; one becomes one?( De Beauvoir ,The Second Sex). Beauvoir clearly points out, ?despite patriarchy’s assumptions to the contrary, women are not even born with a material instinct??.Beauvoir maintains that women should not be content with investing the meaning of their lives in their husbands and sons, as patriarchy encourages them to do. (Lois Tyson, 96-97).
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