Dazzling Charm and Unending Pain: Female Stereotypes in Malayalam film songs from 1950-2000
A reciprocal relationship exists between music and the culture in which it is produced. Being the artistic language of culture, music carries and spreads the dominant ideology of it. In the Indian context, quite a good number of multilingual and multicultural music industries exist. The Malayalam music industry is essentially a male world. A close reading of five decades of Malayalam film lyrics from 1950 to 2000 reveals the contribution of the high born, male lyricists in preserving and legitimizing the oppression, subjugation and marginalization of women in the social, economic, and cultural spheres. The female stereotypes based on good/ bad dichotomy helps in the fabrication of femininity which has far reaching effects on the psyche of the listeners, both male and female. This leads to social constructionism.