Transformation as a Major Manifestation of Magical Realism: A study of Franz Kafka’s The Metamorphosis
Keywords:Magic Realism, Metamorphosis, Transformation, fantasy, realism.
Introduced by the German Art Critic Franz Roh, the artistic genre Magical Realism thrived among Latin American Novelists especially in the hands of Gabriel Garcia Marquez. Magical Realism is a literary style of writing fiction in which magical elements are depicted against a realistic background; a beautiful blend of magical and mundane. The characteristics of magical realism include Plentitude, Authorial Reticence, Hybridity Metafiction, Carnivalesque etc. The themes and manifestations of magic realism can be the fluidity of time, the element of terror, the idea of transformation of human form, the importance of food etc. This paper focuses on the theme of transformation in Magic realist fictions with reference to Franz Kafka’s Metamorphosis. The traits of transformation in Metamorphosis are more internal than external. Though the human form of Gregor Samsa undergoes agrotesque change in the magical realm, the realist elements have fallen in place aptly to heighten the tenacity of the style.