Precarity Redefined:A Reading of Bama’s Karukku and Gaikwad’s Uchalya: The Branded
Precarity is defined as a state of uncertainty in terms of job, situation or life. It has emerged as a global phenomenon that finds resonance in every part of the world literature. Indian writings are not unaffected by it especially Dalit writings. This precarious situation becomes different when it is combined and seen within caste dominated space. It produces a different kind of situation where individual ability and capability do not hamper in achieving the desired position/result but rather it is the caste identity that sabotages or makes it difficult to achieve. Dalit writings are essentially, by nature, precarious as their characters experience precarity in every sense of the word either in terms of vocational identity, identity crisis, affiliation or life as a whole. Even the location of their bodies symbolizes the precarious situation in terms of location and space. Uncertainty, in various forms, is an essential aspect of Dalit writings. Precarity is not only class specific but it is also more connected implicitly to caste identity where stratification of lower caste in terms of their caste identity refers to their precarious existence where any mode of escape from it is not encouraged. This constant defeating presence of caste consciousness leads to a situation of uncertainty that provides a thematic structure to their narratives.