Language as insignia of Existentialism in Arun Joshi’s The Apprentice
Language lives, grows and ameliorates through man’s attempts to respond to reality and it is wholly through language that human beings have intimate contact with and access to things. Joshi dexterously disports an unbreakable undercurrent of metaphors and symbols in his novels starting from The Foreigner to The City and the River. He is not a realistic novelist like Anand, Narayan or Kamala Markandaya and his novels can be considered ‘pararealistic’ and so their message can be conveyed only through suitable imagery and symbols. Man’s entanglement in the existential bog is implied by the use of images of repulsion and horror that are scattered over the novel The Apprentice . The focus of this article would be to highlight Joshi’s use of the language of dreams and several other language strategies like anaphora, scatology and onomastics to give an additional weightage to the theme of existentialism in his novel The Apprentice.