Post Colonial Trends In Language And Literature
Keywords:Marxism, Ideology, Cultural Identity, Orientalism.
This paper is about Post colonial trends in language and literature. There are so many aspects of post colonial in literature. Post colonial literature emerged at the same time that many colonies were fighting their way to independence. It really began picking up as a coherent literary movement in the mid-twentieth century. Many classics post colonial texts were published between the 1950s and 1990s, while drama and poetry are important in postcolonial literature. It's really the novel that defines this movement. Post colonial studies is the analysis of the Phenomenon of Imperialism and its aftermath : Slavery, Colonialism, Nationalism, Independence and Migration.
Edward Said's Orientalism (1978) imitated the entry of post colonial studies into the metropolitan academics of Europe and the United states. Said's study draws upon the idea of Antonio Gramsci and Michel Foucalt to explore construction of "The Orient" by European and American scholars and artists. Other post moderenist Practitioners are Homi Bhabha and Gayatri Spivak regard Orientalism as the inaugural text of postcolonial studies. Decolonising mind by Ngugi wa Thiong'O is remarkadble master piece of on postcolonial literature. There are number of texts on our list which are not written by Ngugi wa Thiong'O. In this text author emphasises the importance of the community in African Socities. Nagugi stresses that his writing in Gikuyu , despite heavy opposition for having deserted English, forms part and parcelof the Kenyan and African people's anti-imperialist struggles. Authors as we would ordinary consider as having come from a post-colonial situation in the usual sense of the term.
"Post Colonial" writing is a contestation of Colonialism discourses and power structures.
According to Stephen Slemon "Post Colonial literature is a form of Cultural Criticism and cultural critique a mode of disidentifying whole societies from the sovereign codes of cultural organisation and an inherently dialectical intervention in the hegemonic production of cultural meaning.In many works of literature specifically those coming out of Africa, the middle East and the Indian Subcontinent, we meet characters who are struggling with their identities in the wake of colonization. Homi Bhabha's work including the Location of culture (1994), focuses on the politics, emotion and value that exist in the space between the colonizer and the colonised.
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