Tribal Life in Andaman and Nicobar Islands: Jarawa Focussed
The tribes came to live in Andaman and Nicobar islands some 70000 or more years ago. They possess unique fragments of DNA which show that they remained in isolation from the entire world for at least 20000 years. With short stature, very dark complexion and peppercorn curly hair, they are grouped as Negritos of Africa or are called the Stone Age inhabitants, related to African Pygmies. While Great Andamanese, Onge, Sentinelese and Jarawa are claimed to belong to Negrito origin Nicobarese and Shompen are of Mongoloid origin. Contrary to popular belief that humans originated from the African continent, a recent study suggests that the Andaman and Nicobar Islands and the South Asian Islands witnessed the genesis of mankind for in situ development of the tribes there, isolated and separated from Africa.