A Metafictional Study of Umberto Eco’s The Name of The Rose
This paper intends to present that the faculty of recording events constantly structures a work of art by way of bestowing a renewed perception to it. History was primarily associated with the mainstream literature and the issues were basically linguistic constructs. The early Greek and Roman writers like Quintillian, Cicero, Tacitus, Polybius, Plutarch, Lucian are some of the writers who recorded history and were mostly concerned with the faculty of rhetoric. After the commencement of the technique of Metafiction, there is a revival of narratives that deploy the traditional historical elements in the manner of fictionalization and representation of the same. Thus, Metafiction is the process which creates a story anew by using references from history. Under this purview, the novels assert their claim to historical facts with contradiction. The reader is kept moving in the narrative in an attempt at finding the main plot or conclusion. It is fundamentally a parodic reworking of the textual past of the world. It is laid by collective consciousness of social and political realities which balances the individual consciousness. The social and artistic, past and present are inseparable. Umberto Eco, the Italian novelist and Semiotician puts forth his view that the present postmodern works restructure the past by fictionalizing it and maintain the notion that past cannot be neglected or destroyed. It is all about imaginative refurbishing of the past through the process of accessing and writing the knowledge of the past with the use of the technique of Metafiction. This takes historiography into another direction where historical facts and events remodel themselves.