SMART MOVES JOURNAL IJELLH 2022-05-04T10:29:31+00:00 Sandeep Open Journal Systems <p><strong>SMART MOVES JOURNAL IJELLH</strong> is a peer-reviewed (refereed) and open access journal<strong>.</strong> IJELLH is indexed in the MLA Directory of Periodicals and <a href="">PKP Index</a>. SMART MOVES JOURNAL IJELLH has been granted a new Online ISSN: <a href="">2582-3574</a> and Print ISSN: <a title="2582-4406" href="">2582-4406</a>. The journal is published by SMART MOVES publications, Bhopal, India.</p> <p>The previously granted ISSN <a href="">2321-7065</a> was for the International Journal of English Language, Literature in Humanities (IJELLH), which was valid from June 2013 until November 2019. From November 2019 onwards, the new title of the journal will be SMART MOVES JOURNAL IJELLH. IJELLH provides researchers with an online platform to publish their research work.</p> <p><strong>Aims and Scope for publication</strong></p> <p>The primary objective of IJELLH is to offer an online open-access platform for international researchers. IJELLH publishes articles on a broad spectrum of English Language, English Literature and Linguistics. The journal further covers various aspects of the research field and most of these are mentioned hereafter:</p> <p><strong> English Language</strong> – Grammar, Punctuation, Accent, Comparative Study, ELS (English as a second or foreign language), English language teachers training, Language teaching methodologies<strong> </strong>and other related topics.</p> <p><strong> English Literature</strong> – Fiction from Chaucerian Age to Post Colonial Age, Canadian Literature, Indian Literature &amp; many other topics related to Literature till date and related subject areas.</p> <p><strong> Linguistics</strong> – Linguistics is the scientific study of language. There are three aspects to this study: language form, language meaning and language in context. IJELLH publish the following subject areas like Applied Linguistics, Language Acquisition, Language Documentation, Linguistic Theories, Philosophy of Language, Phonetics, Sociolinguistics, Text and Corpus Linguistics, Translating and Interpreting, Writing Systems and related subject areas.</p> <p> </p> Imam Ali Ibn Musa al-Ridha (A. S.)-The Exquisite Sun of Bani Hashim 2022-05-02T10:29:52+00:00 Dr. Syeda Farhat Fatima <p>Ali Ibn Musa al-Rida was the eighth great grandson of Fatima Zehra (daughter of Prophet Mohammad, peace be upon him) and Ali Ibn Abi Talib and he is also the eighth Imam of Shiite believers.&nbsp; He was an embodiment of etiquette, manners and charity and he imparted to us the qualities of a believer. His teachings were ‘How a man should strive to be a believer of Allah (S.w.t)?’He highlighted in his preaching’s the ways to seek the pleasure of Allah (s.w.t) was through piousness, tolerance and persistence in our righteous deeds.&nbsp; He also emphasized us that for a believer to control his/her nafs (psyche)is prominent among his actions.&nbsp; Because of Imam Ali Ridha’s (a. s.) high moral traits and pleasing personality, he (a. s.) was considered the exquisite sun of Bibi Fatima Zehra and the Bani Hashim clan.&nbsp; This paper aims to show that Imam Ali Ibn Musa al-Ridha’s reward from Allah (s.w.t) is complete peace of mind as he stuck to his spiritual values being away from his homeland.</p> 2022-04-28T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Dr. Syeda Farhat Fatima Cross-Cultural Human Relationships in Sunetra Gupta’s So Good in Black 2022-05-02T10:47:27+00:00 Dr. A.R. Uma Ramamoorthy <p>Sunetra Gupta who is an Indian immigrant living in England and working in Oxford University as a Professor of Zoology has written five novels. Her fifth novel, <em>So Good in Black</em> published in 2011 celebrates globalization and the free passage to western countries for Indians and for the westerners to India. Human relationship is the main crux of postmodern writings and Gupta also brings out the cross-cultural human relationship in <em>So Good in Black</em> with much details. At the backdrop of Kolkata, India, Gupta colourfully draws the human relationship especially man-woman relationship in this novel. As the values of life are at stake due to the materialistic advancement in the modern world, Gupta highlights the fact that human relationship always lies in dark and it is good to keep it in black. The characters namely Byron Mallick, Max Gate, Damini and Ela suffer as they from relationship with themselves and with others who are their kith and kin. The women characters namely, Damini, Ela and Barbara become victims in the hands of Byron and Max, as they try to form relationship among them. The cultural values of India and the West is comparatively discussed by the author in this novel to bring out the very nature of Indian woman like Ela who gives importance to Indian culture and prefers it though she experiences cross-cultural human relationship. &nbsp;</p> 2022-05-02T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Dr. A.R. Uma Ramamoorthy Contextualizing New Woman in Manju Kapur’s Custody 2022-05-02T11:00:46+00:00 Nang Wishakha Namchoom Prof. Bhagabat Nayak <p>New woman is a concept which addresses and accentuates women’s capabilities and struggle in patriarchal society. The term is referred to women who exercise control over their own lives in personal, social and economic matters, and pursue their own desires. The concept as a consciousness emerges due to social and cultural changes, rise of urban centers, increased immigration, industrialization, growing influence of consumer culture and changes in the structure of labour force. The concept appeared in late Victorian fiction with the intention to focus on women and about woman from the standpoint of woman. Chiefly New Woman expresses their dissatisfaction with contemporary position of women in marriage and society. Manju Kapur’s <em>Custody </em>registers significant aspects of new woman i.e destigmatizing infertility in the novel. She presents this as newness in woman in her thinking and to lift the social disparity between men and women. The paper attempts to explore the concept of new woman and theoretically to understand ‘home space’ and ‘public space’ of woman that kills and diminishes the status and position of woman in a traditional Hindu society. &nbsp;</p> 2022-04-28T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Nang Wishakha Namchoo, Prof. Bhagabat Nayak Nehru’s Vision of Swaraj and Socialism 2022-05-02T11:42:55+00:00 Prof. Alok Chansoria <p>The thought of socialism is an age old phenomenon in the human society. Its traces can be found in the writings of Greek philosophers like Plato and Aristotle. Shades of socialistic thoughts can also be discovered in the <em>Santan Dharma</em> scriptures, Islamic scriptures and the teachings of Jesus Christ. But it was only in the beginning of the 19<sup>th</sup> century that socialism as a political, social and economic philosophy gained momentum.</p> <p>Jawaharlal Nehru believed that no country or individual could develop much without social freedom and a socialist structure of the society and the state. The idea of socialism had been a constant thought in his mind since the pre-independence days. As an economic modernist of his times, Nehru believed in the development of large-scale industries, which he thought was the only key to overcome poverty in the country. Nehru’s concept of socialism was not merely a rigid theoretical doctrine. Theories when put to practice entertain pragmatic difficulties. When Nehru got the opportunity to apply his concept of socialism as the first Prime Minister of India, he had to confront with many complications. His idea of socialism was subjected to many changes looking to the vast population of India.&nbsp; A strict adherence to any doctrine may prove detrimental at times, more so in a country, like, India. Nehru, therefore, envisaged a policy of mixed economy, of course socialist in nature, which would be best suitable to the needs of the country. India has both a rural and an urban economy and what is required is a harmonious blend between the two for the growth and development of the country. The construction of a series of big dams for agricultural irrigation along with the production of hydroelectricity i.e. energy for industrial purposes reflects Nehru’s idea of drawing a balance between the two major sectors of the country.&nbsp;</p> <p>What Nehru meant by <em>Swaraj</em> was not merely political freedom but beside political freedom it should include social and economic justice for the Indian masses. Independence should bring not only a change of the officials but should also bring a change in the fundamentals of the life of a nation.</p> <p>The year 1991 will always be remembered in India as a year which is witness to a drastic change in the Indian economy policy. This was the year when the Government of India drifted from Nehru’s policy of mixed economy and announced the new economic policy which consisted of a wide range of reforms. Thirty years have passed under this new economic system and now the time has come when we should evaluate and analyze how far this new approach has been beneficial to the country.</p> <p>Today, the country is face to face with innumerable problems; problems related to inflation, unemployment, caste, class and religious activism. The country needs to address these problems in a determined way before it is too late. I understand that the time has come when we need to once again look back to Nehru’s vision of <em>Swaraj</em> and socialism for a pragmatic solution to these problems.</p> 2022-04-28T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Prof. Alok Chansoria Dilemmas of Women in Shashi Deshpande’s That Long Silence 2022-05-02T12:10:13+00:00 Anusha. P Dr.R Kavitha <p>The main objective of this paper is to present the problems faced by women in India, especially their position in family and society through the work of Shashi Deshpandes That Long Silence'. According to Indian tradition, wives are always subservient to their husbands and family. And is seen that a women's life is completely controlled either by her family or her husband. Women sacrifice their dreams and desires for the sake of their families. They are not allowed to share their thoughts or opinions on anything, all they can do is accept the decision taken by a man with great silence.&nbsp;</p> <p>Jaya the protagonist of 'That Long Silence' represents the 90's women in our society.&nbsp;The title of the novel itself refers to the conditions of women in a patriarchal setup. Deshpande’s novel directly deals with the dilemmas of housewives. The novel itself can be said to be an autobiographical novel of Deshpande. Deshpande has mainly focused on the life of middle-class educated women in the late 90s Indian society.</p> 2022-04-28T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Dilemmas of Women in Shashi Deshpande’s That Long Silence Women Sensitiveness in Girish Karnad's the Fire and the Rain Hayavadana and Nagamandala 2022-05-04T10:29:31+00:00 Dr. Nirmala Devi. M <p>In traditional Indian society, women are ruthlessly deprived of the opportunity to express their true feelings publicly. In Girish Karnad's works, female characters constantly rebel against the traditional position of women in Indian society and try to find their own way. His works make fun of the unjust values ??of the patriarchal society, which does not care about women's feelings and regards women as only inferior people who are absolutely loyal to him. Call it <em>Nagamandala, Hayavadana</em> and <em>The Fire and the Rain</em>, all these elements are everything. The exploitation and oppression of women has become an established culture of male chauvinism, so his works represent a meeting point where women are portrayed as enlightened and liberated with resistance. Girish Karnad strives to overcome male dominance, hoping to raise awareness of how women are exploited and abused in the name of marriage. Karnad started her work to meet the challenge of resolving controversial issues. As for women, she has experience in discriminatory politics that supports gender and caste paradigms.</p> 2022-04-28T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Dr. Nirmala Devi. M