SMART MOVES JOURNAL IJELLH 2021-10-11T17:57:24+00:00 Sandeep Open Journal Systems <p><strong>SMART MOVES JOURNAL IJELLH</strong> is a peer-reviewed (refereed) and open access journal<strong>.</strong> IJELLH is indexed in the MLA Directory of Periodicals and <a href="">PKP Index</a>. SMART MOVES JOURNAL IJELLH has been granted a new Online ISSN: <a href="">2582-3574</a> and Print ISSN: <a title="2582-4406" href="">2582-4406</a>. The journal is published by SMART MOVES publications, Bhopal, India.</p> <p>The previously granted ISSN <a href="">2321-7065</a> was for the International Journal of English Language, Literature in Humanities (IJELLH), which was valid from June 2013 until November 2019. From November 2019 onwards, the new title of the journal will be SMART MOVES JOURNAL IJELLH. IJELLH provides researchers with an online platform to publish their research work.</p> <p><strong>Aims and Scope for publication</strong></p> <p>The primary objective of IJELLH is to offer an online open-access platform for international researchers. IJELLH publishes articles on a broad spectrum of English Language, English Literature and Linguistics. The journal further covers various aspects of the research field and most of these are mentioned hereafter:</p> <p><strong> English Language</strong> – Grammar, Punctuation, Accent, Comparative Study, ELS (English as a second or foreign language), English language teachers training, Language teaching methodologies<strong> </strong>and other related topics.</p> <p><strong> English Literature</strong> – Fiction from Chaucerian Age to Post Colonial Age, Canadian Literature, Indian Literature &amp; many other topics related to Literature till date and related subject areas.</p> <p><strong> Linguistics</strong> – Linguistics is the scientific study of language. There are three aspects to this study: language form, language meaning and language in context. IJELLH publish the following subject areas like Applied Linguistics, Language Acquisition, Language Documentation, Linguistic Theories, Philosophy of Language, Phonetics, Sociolinguistics, Text and Corpus Linguistics, Translating and Interpreting, Writing Systems and related subject areas.</p> <p> </p> Shashi Deshpande, Anita Desai, and Bharati Mukherjee: A Comparative Study 2021-07-30T10:55:11+00:00 Dr. S. Hannah Evangeline <p>Shashi Deshpande, Anita Desai and Bharati Mukherjee are contemporary Indian English Writers. They have represented the case of Indian women who are the subject of negligence, suffering, suppression and exploitation. The problems of identity figures more prominently in the novels of Bharati Mukherjee and Anita Desai. &nbsp;Shashi Deshpande’s main concern also has been to trace out the root cause of denial of women’s self and their struggle for self-identity. Thus all these factors give rise to emergent trends and tendencies like hybrid cultural forms among the migrants. These three female authors who have been under the influence of trans-nationalism, immigration, migration as well as re-housement, began to take deep interest in study of the women’s problems in India and giving them insight and outlook that have some relevance with the Western culture and social back-grounds.</p> 2021-07-28T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Dr. S. Hannah Evangeline Myth Theory: A Study towards Mythic Tale and It’s Reach in Today’s Life 2021-09-28T11:46:10+00:00 Anila A. Pillai Dr. Urvashi Kaushal <p>Myth can vaguely be said to have come into existence due to the urge of seeking answers to curious mind about the universe, nature, man or can be the result emerged from the need for religious stability of societal control using certain customs and rituals. Myth when looked with a proper outlook can be termed as meaningful, for it beholds metaphysics, the branch of philosophy that deals with the first source of things, including intangible concepts such as being, identity, time and space in its primary sense while developing close proximity to immediate perception of reality. The universal belief system is held and disseminated with a certain amount of pompousness in language and settings, based on mythic stories of a clan or cult. The purpose of this paper is to establish mythic tales as a vital ingredients for posterity to look upon and validate that the re-reading of mythic tales into fiction opens up a variety of possibilities, including: various perspectives and dimensions to the same story portrayed in/as legendary texts. Humanistic consideration is brought about by individual representation. There are a variety of ways to look at the philosophy that has been passed down through the generations through stories.</p> 2021-09-29T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Anila A. Pillai, Dr. Urvashi Kaushal Gun Island: A Tale of Myth, Migration and Climate Change 2021-09-28T12:17:13+00:00 Ashna Francis <p><em>Gun Island</em> is a story of travel and migrations, overlaid with myth and folktales, and the deepening crisis of climate change. It presents an intricately interwoven plot which connects human and animal, past and present, natural and the supernatural. This paper attempts to explore how the notion of interconnectedness manifests itself in each of these elements. <em>Gun Island </em>uses the myth of the Gun Merchant as a nexus to draw parallels between the Little Ice Age and our present-day scenario where droughts, floods, cyclones, wildfires and epidemics have become a part of our everyday lives. <em>Gun Island </em>projects unprecedented climatic conditions as the primary cause for these natural disasters. It becomes a clarion call for climate induced migrations as it skillfully portrays people and entire communities being uprooted from their native land and the drastic changes in the migratory patterns of different species due to changing climes and warming waters. Instead of projecting warnings of impending doom and apocalypse <em>Gun Island </em>focuses on giving the readers hope for a better tomorrow.</p> 2021-09-29T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Ashna Francis Survival in Post-Apartheid South Africa: Defending Lurie in Coetzee’s “Disgrace” 2021-09-29T11:11:32+00:00 Rituparna Priyadarshini <p>Coetzee’s “Disgrace” unerringly a work of magnificence, ventures into the life of David Lurie, a white South African professor, in a world where men such as him have been castrated of the powers they once possessed and is induced to re-evaluate his entire being, at an age when he believes change is improbable. Set in Post-Apartheid South Africa, it narrates the journey of Lurie, the trials and tribulations he undergoes and eventually an unwilling acceptance of self, putting up a facade of life. This study endeavours to defend Lurie’s mindset against the charges brought by Melanie at Cape Town and the charges brought by Lucy against his desensitization towards her resolution owing to his own pride. It also endeavours to disenthrall the theme of survival through Lurie’s as well as Lucy’s pursuit of the fine art of living in a culture that lies ravished and the struggles they faced stepping into a new journey. With Lurie’s redemption and Lucy’s resurrection, commence the consummation of each struggle bringing forth a reconciliation with the self.</p> 2021-09-28T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Rituparna Priyadarshini The Role of Technology for Language Teaching and Learning: An Evaluative Study 2021-09-29T11:39:17+00:00 Dr Vadlamani Padma <p>The primary objective of this paper is to &nbsp;examine the role of technology for language teaching. It focusses to make English language teachers cognizant of the techniques to implement appropriately. Technology plays an essential role in teaching of English. It helps in giving a practical method to a resource. &nbsp;Technology when &nbsp;perfectly incorporated enriches &nbsp;the objectives of learning. Efficacious integration of technology is fruitful when students can select them to acquire information in a judicious manner, examine and combine the information, and present it professionally There is a significant development in the &nbsp;teaching of&nbsp; English&nbsp;language methodology &nbsp;with the application of new technology. Technology is unceasingly, and precipitously, growing.&nbsp; To maximise progressive language learning outcomes, student-teacher platforms are created extensively. Accordingly, the present&nbsp;English&nbsp;language teachers now &nbsp;actively integrate different technological aids devised to help &nbsp;the best possible teaching approaches.</p> 2021-09-29T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 SettingsDr Vadlamani Padma Protruding the Viable Instinct of Women in Chitra Banerjee Divakaruni’s Novel Before We Visit the Goddess 2021-09-29T11:55:09+00:00 B. Shiyamala <p>According to some rational research, women’s instinct is tuned with more affirmative determination and fortitude. In her article Cari Romm quoted from the online forum Medical Daily which stated that, “Women, traditionally entrusted with child care, evolved to have stronger, more accurate instincts so as to better protect their offspring from any potential threats”. When human instinct leads to greater evolution and becomes a choice to exercise still people particularly women allow its suspension in the long run. This dormancy is elicited by circumstantial gender role and the absence of prospects. The great Indian-American author Chitra Banerjee Divakaruni’s novel <em>Before We Visit the Goddess </em>redoubles the feasible ability of women and the demand for exercising their will to excogitate their life. Her novel <em>Before We Visit the Goddess</em> is published in the year of 2017 which proposes the journey of three women who belong to three generations and their phenomenal exertion to give meaning and identity to their life. The three women are Sabitri, Bela and Tara (Mother, Daughter and Granddaughter) exchange a deep bond in spite of their aloofness. They have been discovered to all kind of nippy and sultry emotions. As they start to afford their emotions, it leads to many convulsions as well as idyllic outcomes. Thus, the author wants to empower women to use their instincts for higher purpose rather being an accustomed mortal of linearity.</p> 2021-09-29T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 B. Shiyamala Concept of Fallenness and Patriarchy in Anuradha Sharma Pujari’s Novel “Kanchan” 2021-09-29T12:08:34+00:00 Anamika Devi <p>Patriarchy places women in a marginalised position. Women always bare same feeling and same status of their lives in patriarchal oppression and exploitation. Men often speak about virtues and vices of women and on the basis of that categorise them as chaste or unchaste. Women in patriarchal society should be pure to get societal honour. The society decides what a woman should do, how a woman should behave and these views are the cultural determinant of a society or a community. If a woman challenges these lessons of morality, she will get the identity of fallen woman in a patriarchal society. The novelist Sharma Pujari through the portrayal of Kanchan as a fallen woman does not want to condemn her fundamental disorder but attempts to expose the exploitation and oppression that exist in sexual practices and thereby wants to challenge it. A patriarchal society mirrors some cultural views and attitudes of sexuality. On the basis of these norms a woman is relegated to the rank of fallen woman. The man being the superior section of the society proves his male power in the emotional, physical and material sphere of a woman’s life. This power of patriarchal authority determines the fallenness of a woman and thereby deprives her from availing the pleasures and securities which are only permissible for a wife. The culturally constructed feminine myth looks at her as an exception. People’s psyche is moulded by this cultural affinities constructed by patriarchal system. The novel <em>Kanchan</em> describes the discrimination on gender relation and sexual responses between two genders that exists in a patriarchy. Anuradha Sharma Pujari narrates the complexities in the life of the woman character who tries to come out of her destitute situation by using her body. Adopting a feminist perspective this research article attempts to discuss the construction of the idea “fallen women” by patriarchy and the experiences and struggles of the marginalised protagonist Kanchan in the novel <em>Kanchan.</em></p> 2021-09-29T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Anamika Devi Feministic Approach in The Novel’s of Githa Hariharan: A Critical Study 2021-10-05T12:18:45+00:00 Ashok Singh Dr. Mukesh Sharma <p>Githa Hariharan, a well-known Indian woman author, has tried to focus on the deeply entrenched biases of Indian society against the feminine gender. Githa Hariharan’s new-age feminism is not about the eradication of differences between the sexes or the attainment of equal prospects, but rather concerns the individual’s rights to identify one and be comfortable in one’s own skin. The chief psychological consistencies between the sexes include women’s emotive uncertainty, greater acceptance for tiresome details, inability for intellectual thought and proneness to submission. The feminist mindfulness is to identify oneself as the victim to the power of men in society and the system. However, modern day feminists are against masculinist hierarchy but are firm believers of sexual dichotomy. This paper will study the feministic approach of Githa Hariharan in her four novels that is <strong>The Thousand Faces of Night, The Ghosts of Vasu Master, In Times of Siege and Fugitive Histories.</strong></p> 2021-09-28T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Ashok Singh, Dr. Mukesh Sharma Harsh Reality of Chauvinistic Patriarchial World: Ambivalence of Objectified Second Sex After Rebellious Self-Assertion 2021-10-05T12:30:24+00:00 Dr. Surete <p>In this paper efforts have been made to show the mixed feeling that comes in the mind of an Indian woman when she realises her worth. The chauvinistic world is using woman as an object to fulfil the desires since ages. Indian women are brought up in such atmosphere that they find it difficult to face men and like a dumb cattle obey all the orders of man, be it their father in childhood, their husband after marriage or their son in old age. She is never asked or allowed to express her own will and when she tries to take the decisions in her own hands she is tortured and insulted with taunts. This paper highlights the feelings of women when she faces such situation. In this paper a deep study of three plays of Vijay Tendulkar has been done which are <em>Kamala, Silence! The Court Is In Session</em> and <em>Kanyadaan .</em></p> 2021-10-05T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Dr. Surete String of Relationship in the Sky of Multiculturalism: A Reading of Khaled Hosseini’s The Kite Runner 2021-10-05T12:37:59+00:00 Nasri Narimadakkal Mr. J Arul <p>This paper proposes how the relationship that exists between different characters in his novels is experimented in diverse conditions and the characters are tested and tried to discover their unique paths of assimilation with their loved ones to the completion of their circle. Despite the spatial differences, each character is connected with a string of bond which portrays the ‘similarity’ of difference, yet humanity in need of understanding. The physical space and emotional space of Baba’s beautiful house in the Wazir Akbar Khan district is contrasted with the shack of Hassan and Ali breaks the dichotomy of contentment and dissatisfaction. Simultaneously with the diversity of multiculturalism it creates fantasies of escape from ideological and cultural divisions altogether. Interconnected relationship and affections blur the ethnic, social, geographical and economic variances in individual.The characters all experience a personal journey for love in their own way through their words and actions. The genetic ties to the geographies of privilege, ethnic difference and social status often challenged through the personal affinity. Troubled&nbsp; relationship like Baba and Amir, or an enigmatic friendship like Amir and Hassan or passive bond like Ali and Hassan or even a romantic relationship like Amir and Soraya are circulating the web of ontology. Relationship, assimilation and struggle of people cross path with desperate societies resulting a relief from haunting memories. The longing for love and to be loved draw the characters to find the web of their completeness and ultimately that give them the strength to fight back with their vulnerabilities , surpass their limitations,&nbsp; and eventually to purify their guilt through overwhelming acts of self-sacrifice.</p> 2021-09-28T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Nasri Narimadakkal, Mr. J Arul Demystifying Violence in Stanley Kubrick’s Movie, A Clockwork Orange: A Zizekian Perspective 2021-10-07T10:05:54+00:00 Bibin John Babujee <p>The Merriam-Webster dictionary defines violence as the “use of physical force so as to injure, abuse, damage, or destroy”. In this regard, violence is a dominating theme in the movie, <em>A Clockwork Orange</em>. Removing it from the equation, the movie loses its soul. The movie is too violent in its treatment and for the very reason, invited a lot of criticism and animosity from various quarters. It was highly controversial at the time of its release for its unusually explicit demonstrations of sex and violence. What exactly could be the purpose of this “ultra-violence”? Does it necessarily have a purpose and motive? A brief overview of the movie must be helpful in better understanding the various dimensions of violence in it.</p> 2021-09-28T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Bibin John Babujee Women Empowerment in Select Novels of Ian McEwan 2021-10-08T08:12:31+00:00 Deepati Pant Dr. Kavita Pant <p>This article is an attempt to trace women empowerment in select novels of Ian McEwan. It is through this article that I would present the empowered female characters in Ian McEwan's novels <em>The Cement Garden</em> (1978) and <em>Nutshell</em> (2016). These three novels are different from each other in their material, plot and characterization. But these novels bear a unique similarity. These novels show highly empowered female figures who have endowed with amazing capacity of head and heart. His novels show that Ian himself advocates power shift from male to female. It is because of this advocacy Ian appears to be a feminist. <em>The Cement Garden</em> belong to the early phase of Ian McEwan while <em>Nutshell </em>belongs to the later phase of Ian McEwan. Unique thing that captures our attention is the presence of empowered female characters in both the novels.</p> 2021-09-28T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Deepati Pant, Dr. Kavita Pant J.R.R. Tolkien: Pioneer of Worldbuilding 2021-10-09T09:44:48+00:00 Ms. Rainysha Rawal Dr. Aparna Banik <p>This paper explains after analysing critical aspects why J. R. R. Tolkien’s efforts are the mere reason for generating huge interests among authors in Fantasy. Among the most prominent novels of 20th century, for considering excellence in any fantasy literature his works stood as a benchmark.</p> <p>It also highlights about World Building. The greatest contribution belongs to Fantasy Literature is making of new worlds, providing new definition to fantasy and his esteem for different languages made him to use the Language as a constant to create the world from scratch. Tolkien may consider the creator of his own world – Middle-earth which acts as a Universe, it took around 60 years in the creation, has a deep meaning in everything which one can ever expect. He is a prolific artist and his created universe of own geography and history, flora and fauna, languages and cultures, physics and magic proved fine artist constructing the worlds.</p> 2021-09-28T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Ms. Rainysha Rawal, Dr. Aparna Banik V. S. Naipaul: an Unwelcome Guest of India; with Reference to an Area of Darkness 2021-10-11T17:57:24+00:00 Mr. Chimata Suresh Dr. G. Chenna Reddy <p>This research paper is an attempt to analyze the reason for many Indian nationalists finds Naipaul's <em>An Area of Darkness</em> as an unfitting description of India. The book is banned in India as soon as it was published for showing India in a poor light.&nbsp; In this research paper, the researcher advocates the opinions of many critics, who feel that Naipaul had been very harsh and blunt in describing India. The researcher quotes various reviews and articles to support his views in this paper. The researcher quotes the lines from the book to support his argument. Although V. S. Naipaul is an Indian by origin, he is mostly influenced by the western way of living and unable to take the fact that his expectations about India have not been met. &nbsp;Appreciating the narrative style of Naipaul, the researcher concludes that <em>An Area of Darkness</em> is biased in many aspects. Travelers are the reason for the ills in Indian Society and any other traveler, who tries to exploit any such ills are not welcomed to India.</p> 2021-09-28T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Mr. Chimata Suresh, Dr. G. Chenna Reddy