SMART MOVES JOURNAL IJELLH 2021-05-01T10:13:20+00:00 Sandeep Open Journal Systems <p><strong>SMART MOVES JOURNAL IJELLH</strong> is a peer-reviewed (refereed) and open access journal<strong>.</strong> IJELLH is indexed with <strong> <a href=";hl=en&amp;authuser=1" target="_blank" rel="noopener" data-saferedirecturl=";source=gmail&amp;ust=1576664770299000&amp;usg=AFQjCNEpmvLz85rDq7nHLXm3B9JKSvTL1w">Google Scholar</a></strong> and PKP Index. SMART MOVES JOURNAL IJELLH has been granted new Online ISSN: 2582-3574 and Print ISSN: 2582-4406. The journal is published by SMART MOVES publications, Bhopal, India.</p> <p>The previously granted ISSN 2321-7065 was for the International Journal of English Language, Literature in Humanities (IJELLH), which was valid from June 2013 until November 2019. From November 2019 onwards, the new title of the journal will be SMART MOVES JOURNAL IJELLH. IJELLH provides researchers with an online platform to publish their research work.</p> <p><strong>Aims and Scope for publication</strong></p> <p>The primary objective of IJELLH is to offer an online open-access platform for international researchers. IJELLH publishes articles on a broad spectrum of English Language, English Literature and Linguistics. The journal further covers various aspects of the research field and most of these are mentioned hereafter:</p> <p><strong> English Language</strong> – Grammar, Punctuation, Accent, Comparative Study, ELS (English as a second or foreign language), English language teachers training, Language teaching methodologies<strong> </strong>and other related topics.</p> <p><strong> English Literature</strong> – Fiction from Chaucerian Age to Post Colonial Age, Canadian Literature, Indian Literature &amp; many other topics related to Literature till date and related subject areas.</p> <p><strong> Linguistics</strong> – Linguistics is the scientific study of language. There are three aspects to this study: language form, language meaning and language in context. IJELLH publish following subject areas like Applied Linguistics, Language Acquisition, Language Documentation, Linguistic Theories, Philosophy of Language, Phonetics, Sociolinguistics, Text and Corpus Linguistics, Translating and Interpreting, Writing Systems and related subject areas.</p> <p> </p> Writing Anxiety and Writing Performance: A Descriptive-Correlational Study of Grade 11 Students at Centro Escolar Integrated School Malolos 2021-04-28T08:11:43+00:00 Edilberto Calayag Cruz <p>Using the descriptive-correlational approach, the researchers sought to establish a connection between writing anxiety and writing performance of Grade 11 students at Centro Escolar Integrated School in Malolos, Bulacan, Philippines. The results showed that majority of the respondents experience a “moderate” level of psychological symptoms of anxiety while experiencing “lack of focus,” and “fear of failure” which has the highest weighted average of among ten symptoms. In addition, no correlation was established between writing performance based on grades and level of anxiety based on physical and psychological symptoms of the respondents.</p> 2021-04-28T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Edilberto Calayag Cruz Rape as an Element of Power Dominance in Nampally Road by Meena Alexander and Homegoing by Yaa Gyasi 2021-04-28T08:36:24+00:00 Maharajalakshmi S Dr.P.Abukaniba Meeran <p>In the subaltern countries such as India and Africa, the form of government adapted or infused was that of the Colonial or European form of governance. For instance, during the colonial invasions in India and Africa the governance was changed or forced from the feudal system to the constitutional form of government. While the colonial form of governance has many positive aspects, the inhumane practice of rape was prominent to exhibit political dominance. In order to prove this practice of inhumane act two novels have been chosen for this research. One is <em>Nampally Road</em> by Meena Alexander that talks about the societal imbalance caused during the period of “Emergency act” and the other is <em>Homegoing </em>by Yaa Gyasi that deals with a period of three centuries starting from the “Slave Fugitive act” to post independence, where the plots depict the prominence of rape to exhibit power and control the natives.</p> 2021-04-28T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Maharajalakshmi.S, Dr.P.Abukaniba Meeran Humor or Black Humor? The Use of Humor and Irony in The Financial Expert 2021-04-28T09:06:13+00:00 Abel Justine <p>K. Narayan was one of the pioneers of Indo Anglian fiction along with Mulk Raj Anand and Raja Rao. Their heydays were marked by complicated social issues such as India’s struggle for Independence and the more stressful period afterwards. Among the three, many consider R. K. Narayan as the most realistic in fiction considering Indian settings. <em>The Financial Expert </em>is again considered as Narayan’s masterpiece by many. It’s a well-constructed novel in five parts. The story is focused on three main aspects relating to the central character of Margayya. They are; Margayya’s determination to acquire wealth, his love for his own son Balu and his relationship with his brother and sister in law. It is at times mesmerizing to analyze Narayan’s use of humor and irony in crafting the fate of a normal middle class individual.</p> 2021-04-28T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Abel Justine Hermeneutical Trajectories from the Third World: Aijaz Ahmad on Edward Said 2021-04-28T10:13:39+00:00 Stuti Khare <p>Aijaz Ahmad has made serious critical interventions in Marxist and Postcolonialist readings of literature and culture. His book, <em>In Theory: Classes, Nations, Literatures </em>(1992) has made significant contribution to the postcolonial critical debates. It is a collection of critical articles with deliberations on postcolonial theory from different perspectives. In this book, one article on Edward Said discusses Said’s contribution to postcolonial discourse in the paradigm of Western influence on Eastern cultural narratives. Ahmad argues that Said’s critical writings on orientalism suffer from inconsistencies, overgeneralizations and selective applications. These methodological aberrations, Ahmad asserts, have shaped the trajectories of Said’s critical oeuvre. He criticizes Said for adopting western theoretical models for the cultural analysis and interpretations which are deeply immersed in the capitalist power structures. Ahmad accuses him of appropriating the western knowledge-structures for theorizing the Orient. His analysis of Said goes beyond the limits of critical debates as he questions Said’s vocation and space. He, in effect, considers Said an inauthentic critical voice. According to Ahmad, Said’s successful career in the West has rendered him incapable of a genuine engagement with the Orient. In this paper, I have attempted a critical re-reading of Ahmad’s arguments to suggest that Ahmad’s criticism of Said is intentionally provocative, seeking attention without engaging with Said’s theoretical perspectives in a comprehensive manner.</p> 2021-04-28T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Sharfudden M , Dr Rajani B 'That was the Night I Became an Insomniac': Guilt, Trauma and Recovery in Khaled Hosseini's The Kite Runner 2021-04-28T10:28:50+00:00 Sharfudden M Dr Rajani B <p>‘<em>The Kite Runne</em>r’ is the debut novel written by Afghan American author Khaled Hosseini.&nbsp; This novel is the story of Amir and Hassan, who struggles to find their space in the world because of the after-effects and fallout from a series of traumatic childhood events.The story is told by its lead character Amir who is a Pashtun belongs to the upper social class. Hassan is a Hazara who belongs to a socially backward class. Both Amir and Hassan are inseparable best friends until the day when Amir witnesses Hassan being raped by Aseef. Amir could not do anything to save Hassan and also ignores the incident and hides in silence. Rather, he drives away Hassan from his home with a false accusation to forget his trauma. But it actually intensified his guilt and trauma. Later, political instability in Afghanistan forces Amir and his father to flee to Pakistan and later to the United States. Years later Amir gets a call from his uncle when he becomes aware that Hassan has been killed and that he was Amir’s half-brother. He also learns that Hassan’s son Sohrab is in Taliban’s clutches. Amir takes it as a call for his redemption and sets to Taliban ruled Afghanistan to save Sohrab and bring him back to the United States. This study focuses on the role of guilt leading to psychological trauma,&nbsp; socio-cultural factors effecting the individual's and the collective trauma, and also analysing the recovery process of the traumatised characters. The message of this narrative is that social stratification of individuals or groups makes them an easy victim. A broader understanding of social equality can help in preventing traumatic evils&nbsp; thereby creating a safer society.</p> 2021-04-28T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Sharfudden M, Dr Rajani B A Critical Evaluation of Santosh Kumar Yadav’s Research and Publication Ethics 2021-04-28T10:46:56+00:00 S M Fasiullah <p>Research is an adventurous endeavor. It poses many challenges and difficulties. A person undertaking research needs supervision and guidance to avoid problems and successfully complete the research. A typical problem in the field of research is plagiarism. After University Grants Commission mandated universities and colleges to teach 2-credit course in “Research and Publication Ethics”, a book with the same title authored by Dr. Santosh Kumar Yadav comes as a timely guidebook for thousands of research scholars from India and beyond. This study critically evaluates the book to bring out its merits and demerits.</p> <p>Yadav’s book is not only suitable for research scholars from various disciplines but also for librarians, academicians, educationists and researchers running different institutions. It explains different concepts at length and offers advice on effective implementation strategies of promoting research integrity at institutional level, minimizing plagiarism and publicizing research output for a wider reach through technological platforms. The book is extensive in information yet simple and precise in explanation.</p> 2021-04-28T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 S M Fasiullah Postfeminist Micro-Politics in Shobha De’s Novel Second Thoughts 2021-04-28T11:15:28+00:00 Dr. Aishwarya M <p>The novel <em>Second Thoughts</em> deals with the story of a young middle class Bengali girl who marries a Bombay based foreign returned Bengali Boy. The story depicts the disillusionment of a married woman and an explosive tale of love and betrayal that exposes the hollowness of human relationship especially within arranged marriages. This chapter deals with the concept of Micro-Politics which is a significant dogma of postfeminism. Micro-Politics believes that there has been drastic change in the position of women in basic social relationships, within the families, workplace and other public spheres. Postfeministic notion of micro-politics is intended to provide insight into the complicated nexus of relationship and also to rethink this same concept in terms of postfeminism.</p> 2021-04-28T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Dr. Aishwarya M Political Allegory in Jonathan Swift’s Gulliver's Travels 2021-04-28T11:43:57+00:00 Gopal Chauta <p><em>Gulliver's Travels</em> is written by Seventeenth century Anglo-Irish prose writer Jonathan Swift. Jonathan swift employed literary device called invective, satire in his writing to cure social malaise of seventeenth century society. Gulliver's travels are a political allegory in which seventeenth century society is highlighted in many aspects. There is a character called Lemuel Gulliver which is enterprising and adventurous underwent a voyage to Lilliput. The author gives some account of himself and family. His first inducement to travel. He is shipwrecked and swims for his life gets safe on shore in the country of Lilliput is made prisoner and carried up the country. The emperor of Lilliput attended by several of the nobility, come to see the author in his confinement. The Emperor's person and habit described. Learned men appointed to teach the author the language. He gains favor by his mild disposition. His pockets are searched and his sword &amp; pistols taken from him.</p> 2021-04-28T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Gopal Chauta The Adah - Upheaval in Buchi Emecheta’s Second –Class Citizen 2021-04-28T12:12:37+00:00 Dr S C Bamarani <p>Literature and the effects on the society is manifold. It provides aesthetic needs and also reconstructs the beliefs and values in the readers. The paper entitled “The Adah - Upheaval in Buchi Emecheta’s <em>Second – Class Citizen” </em>is an explicit presentation on the spirit of Adah. It also analyses the factors that gather her strength right from an ambitious girl to a strong, successful woman. The Adah-upheaval is the representation of the ever -glowing embers in the heart of every woman. The paper further traces the life of Adah and thereby a framework for comprehending the rise of Adah. It demonstrates the social factors that lay a hindrance and the unique individual character that keep a check to the same.</p> 2021-04-28T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Dr S C Bamarani A Storehouse of Life Diversity in The Mango Season 2021-04-28T12:27:10+00:00 Anvar P A Dr. A.J Manju <p>There are many types of religions and beliefs in India. There have been many works based on such variations. It is such an important novel based on Indian culture called The <em>Mango Season</em> written by AmulyaMalladi. The main focus of this novel is on the Brahmin system and the framework it exemplifies. The essence of this story is a girl who is born and raised according to the Brahmin faith and the events that take place around it. The story is written by taking the ideas of this theme as a writer and pointing out this character on many levels. Therefore, while reading this story, a variety of needs and suggestions may come out from the readers. The protagonist of the story is a girl named Priya who takes the story forward in many perspectives and ideas. AmulyaMalladi tells her to the readers about the changes that take place when she goes to the America for higher studies and stays away from Indian culture, as well as a tendency to adapt to the American tradition. As a girl growing in India and living in the United States, there have been a lot of changes showed up through this story.</p> <h6>Indian writer Amulya Malladi’s novel&nbsp;The <em>Mango Season</em>&nbsp;(2003) is thereview over the format of a few days in Hyderabad in India. The story maintains Priya Rao, a twenty-seven-year-old Indian woman who returned back to her home place during the summertime in <em>Mango Season</em> but she has major problem and worries. Having life in America for the past seven years, Priya is worried to disclose her traditional Brahmin family the one secret she is hiding from them all the time: she is connected and getting married to an American man. Going through the whirlwind of ancient customs and rituals, deeply rooted prejudices, familiar caste systems, local culinary recipes, the full embodiment of Indian tradition, Priya must have the courage to tell the truth to her family. <em>Mango Season</em> is Malladi's second novel since the release of <em>A Breath of Fresh Air</em> in 2002, which explores themes of family, identity, nostalgia, marriage, national, cultural and culinary tradition. He was an IT professional who has lived in the United States for the past seven years and worked in Silicon Valley for the past three years.</h6> 2021-04-28T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Anvar P A , Dr. A.J Manju Journey Towards Self-realization in Nadine Gordimer’s The Pickup and Khaled Hosseini’s The Kite Runner: A Comparative Study 2021-04-28T13:04:49+00:00 Mohanraj A Dr. A. K. Muthusamy <p>The Prolific South African novelist, Nadine Gordimer’s <em>The Pickup</em> (2001) and the promising Afghan writer, Khaled Hosseini’s <em>The Kite Runner</em> (2003) belong to New Literatures in English. The main characters in these two novels undertake their journey from their native place to foreign country in pursuit of happiness, place, prosperity and self-realization. This research paper attempts to make a comparison between Gordimer’s <em>The Pickup</em> and Hosseini’s <em>The Kite Runner</em> in terms of the journey undertaken by the protagonists Abdu and Julie of <em>The Pickup</em> and Amir of <em>The Kite Runner</em> though these two novels are set in a different background.</p> 2021-04-28T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Mohanraj A, Dr. A. K. Muthusamy Voice from the ‘Other’: A Feminist Reading of Doris Lessing’s The Summer Before the Dark 2021-04-28T13:25:51+00:00 Murugesan M Dr. A. K. Muthusamy <p style="margin: 0in; text-align: justify; line-height: 200%; background: white;"><span lang="EN-US" style="color: #222222;">The concept ‘the Other’is a literary theory, which defines one’s identity among others. It explains the state of a person who is neglected or subordinated and displays how one feels as an alien by gender, caste, religion, culture, appearance, geography, ideology and so on. Doris Lessing’s novels are mostly concerned with human race and criticize the patriarchal society, where female does not get the recognition she is due. Instead of taking care of women, appreciating their talents and providing them freedom of expression and movement, the society makes them feel ‘the Other’. Lessing has crafted the novel, <em>The Summer Before the Dark</em> as to expose the fate of women, who are always submissive and unassertive to their husbands and children, thereby becoming insignificant to the society. This paper examines the status of Kate Brown in her family and in the society, where she is neglected and deprecated by her ungrateful husband and children by the frame of ‘The Other’/ ‘Otherness’. </span></p> 2021-04-28T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Murugesan M, Dr. A. K. Muthusamy Man-Woman Relationship in Shobhaa De’s Second Thoughts 2021-04-29T08:38:51+00:00 Dony Preethii. J.J Dr. M. Meena Devi <p>Shobhaa De’s<em> Second Thoughts </em>is a realistic representation of the psyche of the traditional Indian men and women. The freedom of women is permitted in a very restricted manner in the Indian Society. This novel is the ancient story of sacrifice and adjustment that a woman is destined to. Maya, the protagonist, lives in loneliness and sadness. In <em>Second thoughts</em>, Maya learns to survive in the sultriness of not only Bombay, but also of her marriage life. She strikes up a friendship with Nikhil, her charming, college-going neighbor leading to love and betrayal.&nbsp; The way Shobhaa De narrates each and every aspect of human relationship in general and man-woman relationship in particular, is really wonderful. This paper aims to explain the emotional and psychological needs of Maya and also gives the picture of the modern urban woman who is subjugated and suppressed in the meaningless marriage.</p> 2021-04-28T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Dony Preethii. J.J Truth is Beauty, Beauty is Truth the Philosophy of John Keats Selected Odes 2021-04-30T08:16:46+00:00 Jolly Bhattacharjee <p>Life can never be completely free of problems and pain. This is perhaps because no two people think alike, work alike or have similar taste. Problems and pain will be there when two persons live. So there are bounds to be differences and judgements born there of and create disharmony and conflicts. The natural inclination of human mind to get rid of pain and problems of life wanders for a different world. The romantic poet John Keats philosophically searched for such a place and wanted to escape. And escaping into the world of imagination helped him to get rid of pain and problems of life and discovers anything true is beautiful as beauty dwells in truth. Manifestation of god in all the objects of nature magnetically attracts Keats’s mind as it serves as a therapy to contemplate in the serene and isolated space he sought for. Human being and Nature are interrelated, meaning the harmonious unity of Man and Nature are interrelated as both assume qualities of the other as they born and die, ashes go into the lap of Mother Nature as the very essence of human being, the structure is made up of the elements of Nature. The serene, calm and quiet Nature provides a kind of nourishment to Keats’ mind to discover the beauty, provides him joy and it is a truth. Longing of every soul is to be away from the problems of life.</p> 2021-04-28T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Jolly Bhattacharjee Extraction Ecology: Environment and People in the Anthropocene 2021-05-01T10:13:20+00:00 Chesta Yadav <p>The uncontrollable pursuit of growth and benefits has dominated our society. In developed part of the planet people live in energy phase of modernity but it is marked by instability of social situations and culture forms. It is often closely related to issues such as climate change, the disappearance of agro-biodiversity, or the loss of animal biodiversity. The extreme climate flux that human beings face today can be linked to the human continuous need for energy. The constant appetite to consume more and more energy has resulted in environmental degradation, like collapsed impoundment dams, floods, dead zones in forests. It has not only affected the environment but also people. It has given rise to unemployment, crippling poverty, and diseases such as black lung disease. This paper operates at the intersection of ecocriticism and extractive fiction studies to study the impact of mining by examining The Upheaval by Pundalik Naik. By applying the theory of ecocriticism, this paper will study and highlight how these places are rich in resources but are places of environmental degradation, public health issues, poverty and social conflict.</p> 2021-04-28T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Chesta Yadav