SMART MOVES JOURNAL IJELLH <p><strong>SMART MOVES JOURNAL IJELLH</strong> is a peer-reviewed (refereed) and open access journal<strong>.</strong> IJELLH is indexed with <strong> <a href=";hl=en&amp;authuser=1" target="_blank" rel="noopener" data-saferedirecturl=";source=gmail&amp;ust=1576664770299000&amp;usg=AFQjCNEpmvLz85rDq7nHLXm3B9JKSvTL1w">Google Scholar</a></strong> and <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener" data-saferedirecturl=";source=gmail&amp;ust=1576664770299000&amp;usg=AFQjCNEUekxyd4bJz8pEsTwPT1wuvkAmHg">Academia</a>. SMART MOVES JOURNAL IJELLH has been granted new Online ISSN: 2582-3574 and Print ISSN: 2582-4406. The journal is published by SMART MOVES publications, Bhopal, India.</p> <p>The previously granted ISSN 2321-7065 was for the International Journal of English Language, Literature in Humanities (IJELLH), which was valid from June 2013 until November 2019. From November 2019 onwards, the new title of the journal will be SMART MOVES JOURNAL IJELLH. IJELLH provides researchers with an online platform to publish their research work.</p> <p><strong>Aims and Scope for publication:</strong></p> <p>The primary objective of IJELLH is to offer an online open-access platform for international researchers. IJELLH publishes articles on a broad spectrum of English Language, English Literature and Linguistics. The journal further covers various aspects of the research field and most of these are mentioned hereafter:</p> <p><strong> English Language</strong> – Grammar, Punctuation, Accent, Comparative Study, ELS (English as a second or foreign language), English language teachers’ training, Language teaching methodologies<strong> </strong>and other related topics.</p> <p><strong> English Literature</strong> – Fiction from Chaucerian Age to Post Colonial Age, Canadian Literature, Indian Literature &amp; many other topics related to Literature till date and related subject areas.</p> <p><strong> Linguistics</strong> – Linguistics is the scientific study of language. There are three aspects to this study: language form, language meaning and language in context. IJOHMN published following subject areas like Applied Linguistics, Language Acquisition, Language Documentation, Linguistic Theories, Philosophy of Language, Phonetics, Sociolinguistics, Text and Corpus Linguistics, Translating and Interpreting, Writing Systems and related subject areas.</p> <p><strong>PKP PN</strong></p> <p>IJELLH is preserving OUR PUBLISHED MANUSCRIPTS with <a href="">PKP PN</a> ensuring that their content will be secure and available into the future. PKP PN functions as a “dark archive”. PKP has developed the PKP Preservation Network (PKP PN) to digitally preserve OJS journals. The<a href=""> LOCKSS</a> program offers decentralized and distributed preservation, seamless perpetual access, and preservation of the authentic original version of the content.</p> <p> </p> en-US <p></p> (Sandeep) (JOHN) Thu, 29 Oct 2020 10:47:22 +0000 OJS 60 Unrequited Love in the Selected Novels of Orhan Pamuk <p>Certainly, Love is one of the most unmistakable natural sentiments of the individual, so the psychologists have attempted to characterize the word 'love' in various manners, for instance,Freud, in his book, (Civilization and Contents)illuminates the sentiment of love according to mental perspective. As he would like to think, a limit between the 'object' and'ego' is degraded, so he stated that "Against to all proof of his feelings, a person, who is in love utters that 'you' and 'I' are one and begins carrying on as if it was a reality" (Freud, 13). 'Self' of the individual, who falls in love is totally degraded into 'oneself' of the other, so Love assumes an important role in bliss or despondency in human life, in which, the fruitful love makes life upbeat and on the contrary, its disappointment changes life into a hopeless wreck, so unfortunately, Unrequited Love is a one imbalance in which you may love someone with all your heart, but you don’t receive these feelings in return. In other words, it is love that isn’t reciprocated. For example, you may love someone deeply, but this person simply doesn’t love you back.</p> <p>This paper will discuss the characters’ suffering as a result of the one-sided love and explain how they behaved during the events of the love stories, as well as delineate the tragic ending of their unrequited love, furthermore, it will give some examples from some of Pamuk’s novels.</p> Ahmed Hassan Ali Murshed Copyright (c) 2020 Ahmed Hassan Ali Murshed Thu, 29 Oct 2020 00:00:00 +0000 The Idea of Mysticism in the Writings of Andrew Harvey and Pico Iyer <p>This paper deals with idea of mysticism represented in form of Buddhist Philosophy. I will be discussing the writings of Andrew Harvey and Pico Iyer. Both of them are commendable travel writers, they have extensively travelled and wrote about Buddhism. I will be comparing the writings of both and the way they looked at Buddhism and its philosophy for the welfare of people. A Journey in Ladakh by Andrew Harvey and Sun After Dark by Pico Iyer, both of them talk of about Buddhist dominant regions and its effect on people. The difference between the two is that, the writings of Andrew Harvey is more spiritual whereas Pico Iyer is more technical and political. Both of them express their special bond with India and its people. They talk about the peculiarities of people, the culture and cuisine.</p> Shruti Mishra Copyright (c) 20 Shruti Mishra Wed, 28 Oct 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Adolescent Psyche and Expressionism in ‘The Catcher in The Rye’ and ‘The Bell Jar’ <p>J.D. Salinger’s <em>The Catcher in the Rye</em> (1951) and Sylvia Plath’s <em>The Bell Jar</em> (1963), both serve as masterpiece accounts of teen angst and intricate detailed workings of the mind post world war when society was growing on one side with new foliage of technological innovation aimed at improving the lifestyle of human beings, on the other was on a slowyet painful process of moral, individual and spiritual decay as men and women had given way to the evils of the surplus and easy way of living. Not only were relationships coming under the radar of suspicion with humans doubting and betraying each other, a major issue of serious concern was on the rise as well that being the changing dynamics of adolescent brain and mind. Prone to modernization, the functioning of the mind of teenagers was undergoing a tremendous change where overt sensitivity was on rise. This paper focuses upon the main themes of (I) ideals cherished by both the protagonists, their view on them as individuals of the society, (II) on sexuality and (III) the serious issue of suicide which had been sought out as the best means of escape as their surroundings fail to bend according to their visions. This paper makes special efforts at analysing the same by bringing into it the status of relationship of the protagonist with his or her family member, peers, teachers and counsellors and how exactly it helps in expressing who they are and what they want.</p> Ananya Roy Copyright (c) 2020 Ananya Roy Wed, 28 Oct 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Dimensions in Teaching Skills and Learning Skills <p>Teaching skills and learning skills existed even in the ancient times, though the terms were coined at a later stage. Dire necessity forced the ancient man to learn skills like hunting animals for food. As mankind was heading towards new civilisation, teaching skills found a place in society. Saints demonstrated skills in education as well as in warfare to princes. These teaching skills and learning skills have taken new dimensions to cater the needs of changing trends in all fields. Teachers exhibit skills like classroom management, use of black board and skill of explaining. Drastic changes have taken place in learning skills as well. Some people like craftsmen learn skills without formal education. But modern education demands organised classroom study. So, students have to acquire learning skills like concentration, punctuality and discipline. However the modern trends and necessities in education require constant developments in teaching skills and learning skills. The learning process has no end. It starts from childhood and lasts till death. This paper deals with various aspects of teaching skills and learning skills which are inevitable in education.</p> Divya Deevi, Kavi Bala Brahma Chary Copyright (c) 2020 Divya Deevi, Kavi Bala Brahma Chary Thu, 29 Oct 2020 00:00:00 +0000 S K Pottekkatt’s In the Land of the Kappiris: A Journey into the Heart of Africa <p>Exploration and mapping of Africa began around 1850 and continued intothe nineteenth century.S. K Pottekkatt, the Indian travel writer from Kerala State in India, set out to Africa. This study focusses on S. K Pottekkat as a travel writer who made Malayalis aware of the geography, life and culture of Africa. The Kappiri had no place in the land of his birth. Beira was a source of great relief for Indians travelling from other countries because Portuguese Africa was fairly free from racial discrimination. The Gujarati businessman was prominent. They had mastered the language of the natives and had in depth knowledge of their customs as well as their needs and so prospered well. Who had the greater right in Africa: the British or the Indians?</p> Dr Cynthia Catherine Michael Copyright (c) 2020 Dr Cynthia Catherine Michael Thu, 29 Oct 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Lawrence’s Ideology of Education <p>H. Lawrence was not only a novelist, poet, short story writer and essayist but also a philosopher, sociologist and educationist. His contribution in the field of education is not less than a milestone. In this article my approach is to analyze his ideology of education which was child centric. Through his novels, poems and essays Lawrence always propagated his vision of education.</p> Arshad Imam Copyright (c) 2020 Arshad Imam Thu, 29 Oct 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Mahesh Dattani’s “Do the Needful”: An Unconventional Romantic Comedy <p>Mahesh Dattani is a contemporary Indian English Dramatist who gave voice to the 60 million English speakers of India through his drama. He is the first dramatist recognised for his contribution in this field. Through his plays, he raises the problems of eunuch, homosexuality, transgender, child- sexual abuse, gender-discrimination, thought towards HIV-infected people etc. To such issues, he called them ‘fringe issue’ to whom we face but never take it as a part of society. Through ‘Do the Needful’ Mahesh Dattani has presented the problems of male homosexuality. The play was broadcasted by BBC. The play ‘Do the Needful’ is actually an unconventional romantic comedy.</p> Dr. Pramod Kumar Singh Copyright (c) 2020 Dr. Pramod Kumar Singh Thu, 29 Oct 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Book Review: Pachinko by Min Jin Lee <p><em>Pachinko </em>by Min Jin Lee is a saga of the trials and tribulations, joys and sorrows of a Korean family spanning from 1910 to 1989. Lee is a Korean-American author whose work engages with themes of the diasporic Korean identity. <em>Pachinko </em>was published in 2017 to critical acclaim and it was in the running for the National Book Award for Fiction.</p> <p><em>Pachinko </em>is a historical novel and its panoramic gaze encompasses twentieth century Korea giving us a terrifyingly real account of Korean society from the Japanese colonization of Korea to the Second World War. The Financial Times wrote in their review of the book: “We never feel history being spoon-fed to us; it is wholly absorbed into character and story, which is no mean feat for a novel covering almost a century of history.”</p> <p>It is the first novel about Korean history and culture written for English language readers.</p> Richa Singh Copyright (c) 2020 Richa Singh Thu, 29 Oct 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Returning to The Plague and The Bhagwad Gita : New Meaning and “Existentialist Absurdity” amid COVID-19 Pandemic <p>??????????????????? ?? ????? ??????<br>?? ?????????????????? ?? ???????????????????2.47??</p> <p>Meaning:</p> <p>Your right is to perform your work but never be oriented to the results. Never be motivated by the results of your actions, nor should you be attached to not performing your prescribed duties.</p> <p>The above mentioned philosophy however, can be best understood in the present scenario of the pandemic of COVID 19. The pandemic which has kept everybody unsettled, restless from within, Shrimad <em>Bhagwad Gita</em> serves a torchbearer to the humanity. It holds our faith in karma, the true meaning of life.</p> <p>As WHO reported, 2020 gripped the whole world into the saga of darkness which is started with a disease from animal. Not only that in fact it has engulfed the whole world into it. The entire world it seems has locked and blocked not only its movements but life. The numbers of death and patients increasing every day and with this increase in number is increasing the social stigma towards people. Health workers, women, children, sex workers, all are victim of it. This saga of disease has restricted not only our breathing but livelihood, happiness. We all succumb now to our own shell. Aristotle said once, “man is a social animal” and look at the world around today, a small little animal has brought that man to just a tiny individual who is always at the hands and prey to the nature. Be it Ebola Virus (EVD) of 1976 that was considered one of the deadliest viruses until then of its own kind, severely fatal to human illness or the Spanish Flu or the Bubonic Plague, Black Death epidemic. All these have always been fatal and deadliest in their own specific ways. Still, we human always feel surprised whenever we face such sudden outbreak of any disaster, what so ever. The catastrophic, xenophobic behaviour, subjects to be analysed from anthropological point of view try to justify one of the foremost evolution myths by Herbert Specncer, “Survival of the Fittest”. However, in literature, it is said that everything has a purpose in a narrative or a situation, it has a meaning to interpret. Things and situations are always interpretational. So is the case in this pandemic. This COVID-19 is much more than just a “disease”. It’s a social-cultural construct that shapes, reshapes or de-shapes humanities responses and behaviour.</p> <p>The objective of this paper is to look these constructs from a different lens and analyse the underlying existential philosophy, an existential absurdity drawing adjacent connections between the age old two classics piece of literature, <em>The Bhagwad Gita</em> (a long conversation between Arjuna and Lord Krishna before the battle of <em>Mahabharata</em> in the battle field <em>Kurukshetra</em> and <em>The Plague</em> by Albert Camus.</p> Dr. Smita Copyright (c) 2020 Dr. Smita Thu, 29 Oct 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Listening Skills Teaching Practice at Secondary Level: Gondar Secondary Schools in Focus <p>The objective of this study was to assess the exercise of teaching listening skill at general secondary schools found in Gondar city. Thus, adopting descriptive survey design, a total of 115(male=90 &amp; female=25) English language teacher who taught grade 9 students participated in the study. The study used both quantitative and qualitative data. The quantitative data were collected through structured questionnaire whereas the semi-structured interview was used to collect the qualitative data. Data analysis was undertaken using quantitative and qualitative techniques. Quantitatively, frequency and percentage were used whereas thematic analysis was used for analyzing the qualitative data. Findings show that the majority of English language teachers use the bottom-up approach during the teaching of the listening skill. Findings also show that English language teachers failed to properly and fully implement the pre, while and post listening activities. Findings also show that teachers’ emphasis on grammar, teachers’ preference to explanation and demonstration than to create students listening opportunities, teachers’ preference to teacher-centered approach, teachers’ reluctance to provide students opportunities to exercise listening were some of the challenges facing the class room exercise of teaching the listening skill. Finally, it is recommended that English language teachers should clearly understand and properly exercise the pre, while and post-listening activities in the process of teaching the listening skills. Moreover, practical in-service trainings on how to teach listening skill should be given to teachers</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Birhan Assefie Copyright (c) 2020 Birhan Assefie Thu, 29 Oct 2020 00:00:00 +0000 A Critical Analysis of the Discourse of Doctor-Patient Interaction: A Case Study <p>The study undertook a critical analysis of the discourse of doctor-patient interaction under the ENT (Ear, Nose, and Throat) clinic of Gondar Hospital, which is found in the Amhara regional state of Ethiopia. Specifically, the study investigated the recurrent interactional features in the doctor-patient interactions, the manifestations of power relations through language use, as well as the ideological assumptions which are held by doctors and patients. To achieve these objectives, qualitative methods were used during data collection and analysis. Purposeful sampling was used to select the clinic where the study took place. Data were gathered through audio-recording and field notes. Before analysis, the audio recordings were transcribed using Jeffersonian Transcription conventions and then translated into English. The translated data were analyzed thoroughly using Fairclough’s (1992) three-dimensional model of Critical Discourse Analysis. The study, thus, showed that interpersonal relationships between discourse interactants could be an indicative of their social and power relations. Therefore, institutional discourse, specially, that of doctor-patient, could be a place for power struggle.</p> Mosisa Asegid Takele Copyright (c) 2020 Mosisa Asegid Takele Thu, 29 Oct 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Psychopath Balram in Aravind Adiga’s The White Tiger <p>The White Tiger is the 2008 Man Booker Prize winning novel in which the psychopathic character plays a role in telling the dramatic tale of his life. The protagonist Balram’s unpredictable journey from the underprivileged to the wealthy tycoon in India is amazing. The novel is a psychopathic story of murder and success. The genius memory of psychopath Balram sparks not only to map an excellent text space, but more than this, regulates Balram’s nerves. His struggle to be wealthy is full of compassion and sympathy. Balram is a blazingly savage, brilliant, and psychopathic on his journey. In the new alien world, he experiences a state mental disorder. That's why Balram, the narrator of the letter, has the mark of a Psychopath. The present research is an effort to examine and investigate the dimension of Balram's psychopathic character. This will give another heading to rising literary examination to character in an alternate psychopathic style.</p> Asst. Prof. Shahaji Mastud Copyright (c) 2020 Asst. Prof. Shahaji Mastud Thu, 29 Oct 2020 00:00:00 +0000 The Influence of Nutrition Education on the Health of Women in Moyamba Town, Southern Region of Sierra Leone <p>The research work investigated the influence of nutrition education on the health of women in Moyamba town. The investigation adopted a descriptive design of a survey in this town. The study used a target sample population of twenty-five (25) women, lactating mothers, five (5) pregnant women, elderly five (5), aged women five (5). Adolescent five (5). Random sampling technique were used to select these women at various areas, schools, ante natal, post-natal clinics and outpatient department. Questionnaires were administered and interviews conducted. The result analyzed reveled that, tradition, poverty, negligence and inadequate logistics, illiteracy and other social factors such as poor education on good health leads to the risk of nutrition disorders in women such as mal-nutrition, diabetics, obesity, underweight, overweight, heart failure, complicated labour and infant and maternal mortality. another factor was&nbsp; &nbsp;Lack of proper nutrition education in schools. Nutritionist should be given special allowance in order to motivate them. Facilitate nutrition education at clinics, hospital radio and television discussions, postal and sign board with nutrition messages&nbsp; to the public&nbsp; as well as school , administrators should make it a point of duty that students are exposed to nutrition messages and that food and nutrition be a core subject in schools in other to prevent diet related diseases. This will enhance healthy environment and nation.</p> Bangura Sylvia Kercher Copyright (c) 2020 Bangura Sylvia Kercher Thu, 29 Oct 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Racism and Representation of Racialized Beauty in Toni Morrison’s The Bluest Eye <p>The American novelist Toni Morrison’s novel <em>The Bluest Eye</em> portrays black society and deals with the themes of black victimization and racial oppression. It presents a prolonged representation of the means in which the standards of internalized white beauty contort the life and existence of black women. This paper explores and elucidates the impact of race, racial oppression and representation in <em>The Bluest Eye</em>. And how racism also edifices the hatredness between Blackand White communities. This paper will discuss various issues and concepts such as Race, Race in the Colonial Period, Racializing the Other and Stereotyping. The paper also deals with understanding Representation through the ideas of Saussure, Barthes, Levi-Strauss, Foucault, Geertz, and Said. Racism is primarily a belief in the supremacy and dominance of one race upon another that consequences in the differences, discrimination and prejudice of people towards one another rooted and established on their race or ethnicity. Racism has deeply affected the African-American coloured people making them feel inferior. <em>The Bluest Eye</em> reflects the appalling effect on blacks individualising the values of a white culture that rejects them both immediately and incidentally. Even after abolition of slavery legally still the African-Americans faces the cruelty of racial discrimination and never considered equal to the whites. The Black people struggles to ascertain themselves with the white and their ethnic ways. Toni Morrison propounds on black cultural heritage and seeks the African-Americans to be gratified and proud of their black colour as well black identity. This paper conveys the essence of the coloured people’s fight for their race, and&nbsp; also its continuance and forbearance in a principally multicultural White dominated &nbsp;America.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Dr. Nirjharini Tripathy Copyright (c) 2020 Dr. Nirjharini Tripathy Wed, 28 Oct 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Cultural Dilemma of The Arab Woman Expressed through Nature Imagery: An Ecocritical Study of Fadia Faqir’s Pillars of Salt <p>The Arab community is essentially a patriarchal one with a history of women being subjected to various kinds of afflictions and oppression under cultural, religious and societal laws. Though there is a collective consciousness now regarding the position of the Arab woman in the Arab world, with significant progress being made to emancipate and empower them, much needs to be done still. Set in the mid-20<sup>th</sup> century Jordan, Arab Anglophone author Fadia Faqir’s<em>Pillars of Salt </em>portrays the tragic plight of Arab women at the hands of the traditional patriarchal Arab communities of Jordan. Nature plays a significant role in Faqir’s narrative wherein much of the miseries faced by the women characters are conveyed through rich nature imageries and analogies. This renders the novel the identity of an eco-fictional work and provides scope for analysis based on the ecological approaches as perceived in Emerson’s <em>Nature </em>to the more recent theory of Ecocriticism formulated by William Rueckert. This paper explores an ecocritical approach towards the position of women in the Arab society as expressed through profound eco-comparisons, imageries and analogies in Fadia Faqir’s <em>Pillars of Salt</em>.</p> Shilpa George Copyright (c) 2020 Shilpa George Thu, 29 Oct 2020 00:00:00 +0000