SMART MOVES JOURNAL IJELLH <p><strong>SMART MOVES JOURNAL IJELLH</strong> is a peer-reviewed (refereed) and open access journal<strong>.</strong> IJELLH is indexed with <strong> <a href=";hl=en&amp;authuser=1" target="_blank" rel="noopener" data-saferedirecturl=";source=gmail&amp;ust=1576664770299000&amp;usg=AFQjCNEpmvLz85rDq7nHLXm3B9JKSvTL1w">Google Scholar</a></strong> and <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener" data-saferedirecturl=";source=gmail&amp;ust=1576664770299000&amp;usg=AFQjCNEUekxyd4bJz8pEsTwPT1wuvkAmHg">Academia</a>. SMART MOVES JOURNAL IJELLH has been granted new Online ISSN: 2582-3574 and Print ISSN: 2582-4406. The journal is published by SMART MOVES publications, Bhopal, India.</p> <p>The previously granted ISSN 2321-7065 was for the International Journal of English Language, Literature in Humanities (IJELLH), which was valid from June 2013 until November 2019. From November 2019 onwards, the new title of the journal will be SMART MOVES JOURNAL IJELLH. IJELLH provides researchers with an online platform to publish their research work.</p> <p><strong>Aims and Scope for publication</strong></p> <p>The primary objective of IJELLH is to offer an online open-access platform for international researchers. IJELLH publishes articles on a broad spectrum of English Language, English Literature and Linguistics. The journal further covers various aspects of the research field and most of these are mentioned hereafter:</p> <p><strong> English Language</strong> – Grammar, Punctuation, Accent, Comparative Study, ELS (English as a second or foreign language), English language teachers training, Language teaching methodologies<strong> </strong>and other related topics.</p> <p><strong> English Literature</strong> – Fiction from Chaucerian Age to Post Colonial Age, Canadian Literature, Indian Literature &amp; many other topics related to Literature till date and related subject areas.</p> <p><strong> Linguistics</strong> – Linguistics is the scientific study of language. There are three aspects to this study: language form, language meaning and language in context. IJOHMN published following subject areas like Applied Linguistics, Language Acquisition, Language Documentation, Linguistic Theories, Philosophy of Language, Phonetics, Sociolinguistics, Text and Corpus Linguistics, Translating and Interpreting, Writing Systems and related subject areas.</p> <p><strong>PKP PN</strong></p> <p>IJELLH is preserving OUR PUBLISHED MANUSCRIPTS with <a href="">PKP PN</a> ensuring that their content will be secure and available into the future. PKP PN functions as a “dark archive”. PKP has developed the PKP Preservation Network (PKP PN) to digitally preserve OJS journals. The<a href=""> LOCKSS</a> program offers decentralized and distributed preservation, seamless perpetual access, and preservation of the authentic original version of the content.</p> <p> </p> en-US <p></p> (Sandeep) (JOHN) Thu, 31 Dec 2020 05:46:21 +0000 OJS 60 Shifting Trend of Mithila Painting: Tradition to Contemporary <p>This article communicates the changing pattern of Mithila folk painting to fine art due to the professionals’ intervention in this realm. Besides, technological use has further altered it and the people who were unable to perform their ritual on the works of art are able to do so now. Consequently, the painting has been enhanced from its limited geography to all over the world where even the diaspora Maithils enjoy their culture with full enthusiasm. This phenomenon has led people both connected to their culture as well as uplifted to high spirituality, aware about their identity and commercializing their cultural artifacts. Thus, this fluctuating tendency of this folk art has empowered the community morally, artistically and economically.</p> Raj Kishor Singh Copyright (c) 2020 Raj Kishor Singh Thu, 31 Dec 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Odysseus Reborn: Parallelism between Odysseus and The Postmodern Man <p>The mythical character of Odysseus has been a recurring figure since his first introductions, in the Great Greek writer, Homer's works around 700 BCE, in the, 'Illiad', and, 'Odyssey'. He has been invoked over the ages to suit the means of the said eras, trans-morphing the character of the Classical Greek Hero to meet the desired ends of the poets, authors and periods. The aim of the paper is to deconstruct the works where he has been mentioned and thus in turn construct the character itself. This will be done through the famous works he has been mentioned in, such as Virgil's 'Aeneid', Dante's 'Inferno', Horkheimer and Adorno's 'Dialectic of the Enlightenment'. In doing so, the paper shall establish the grounds for Odysseus to come out as a character that suits all ages for a good reason. Furthermore, a Psychoanalytical analysis and study shall establish his relevance and stand in the Postmodern age that we live in, which shall aim to decentralise popular notions, moving away from the modernist experimentation towards the postmodern appreciation of the classical character as one, who at the true core had been formed with such intricacy that writers have been forced to adapt him in their works, time and again.</p> Abdullah Parwaiz Copyright (c) 2020 Abdullah Parwaiz Thu, 31 Dec 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Existential Crisis, Sexuality and Immutable Plight of Women in the Plays 'Sakharam Binder' and ‘Silence the Court is in Session' <p>“It's a men's world women are here only to assist, serve and please men. It’s the way the world has always been.”</p> <p>In the world there is only one supreme culture prevailing universally in all the societies is the men-centric culture, which is all powerful and all pervasive. This patriarchal culture and its norms are so deeply engrained in the soul of people that they relegate women into fringe or secondary position.</p> <p>Women's rights talk about equality in each aspects of life but in India where patriarchy has solid roots in society, it appears to be extremely hard to acquire concordance and equality in power structures. Patriarchy has clasped Indian middle class society in its stereotyped shackles and its hold on society is unbending and heavy which adversely affects the lives of women. The torture born by women is the result of brutal dominating tendency of males and Tendulkar in general, spotlights on the patriarchal society in both of his plays. He indicated how a men centric society and women's liberation are interconnected and how male domination transforms into maltreatment of women. All the power in Indian society is in the hands of the males which at last prompts the pathetic state of females. Power, when gets discordant, without a doubt results into persecution and domination whether it is mastery of man over women or the other way around. Indian middle class has the same imbalanced power structure and consequently male domination exists because of male dominated society. The ruling idea of males tosses women into a well of persecution of each sort. Such state of females is exhibited by Tendulkar in <em>‘Sakharam Binder'</em> and in <em>‘Silence the Court is in Session'</em> caused by the patriarchal system of culture wherein the women have to struggle hard and pass through severe plight to establish their place in society. As we see in case of these three women Miss Benare, Laxmi and Champa. All these three are discarded women who strive hard for their existence in society and have to pass through so many inextricable difficulties. But the plight goes immutable, and unending.</p> Shehnaz Khan Copyright (c) 2020 Shehnaz Khan Thu, 31 Dec 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Becoming Me: Journey from the ‘South’ <p>The rallying cry of “Black Lives Matter” that reverberated all through the U.S. after the George Floyd murder case brought to light the reality that racism is a living reality in the American soil. It is no legend of the past. It is not a bygone history. Therein lies the significance of the inspiring memoir by the former First Lady of the United States. Michelle Obama’s <em>Becoming </em>is more than a memoir. It is a social document that faithfully portrays the ground reality of ‘Being Black’ and ‘Becoming Black' in a “White Society”. In her memoir, while recounting her rise from modest origins to the closest this country has to nobility, Michelle is taking the readers on an intimate tour of everyday African-American life. Her book illustrates how all Americans must part with the idea of post-racial society, the quaint notion that race and racism are relics of the United States’ long-ago past. In the memoir, she establishes that prejudice is so woven into the fabric of America that it won’t be gone in her lifetime, or even longer. The article“Becoming Me: Journey from the ‘South” traces the early stages of her life as a “striver”, residing in the ‘South’ side of Chicago, identified with the city’s African American population</p> Celia Ceby, Dr Cynthia Catherine Michael Copyright (c) 2020 Celia Ceby, Dr Cynthia Catherine Michael Thu, 31 Dec 2020 00:00:00 +0000 An Anatomy of the Collective Unconscious of Leading Women Writers <p>This article intends to explore the concept of feminism as presented in the works of Virginia Woolf, Mary Ann Evans, Jane Austen, Sylvia Plath, Kamala Das and Maya Angelou.A selective study of their works is conducted to exhibit the ways in which they presented the woman characters in order to deal with socially relevant issues. Woman victimisation, racism, discrimination etc become the major focus of these writers. This article investigates the collective unconscious realm of these writers and how it influenced them in their writing. The writers’ individual conception of feminism is also studied and critiqued. The traditional conception of beauty, perfection in the works of writers like Petrarch had resulted in the general objection from the women writers and it led to the representation of women characters in their novel quite differently. The article brings to light the minute flaws in the approach of the women writers and concludes by highlighting their contribution to feminism.</p> Jency Christafer, Dr Cynthia Catherine Michael Copyright (c) 2020 Jency Christafer, Dr Cynthia Catherine Michael Thu, 31 Dec 2020 00:00:00 +0000 The Palace of Illusions-Voice of a Disillusioned Woman <p>Diaspora writing is a recent trend in literature. Many writers especially women writers excel in this field. These diasporic writers though they live in a foreign land always hold their love in their writings. India is a land of myth and legends and hence many Indian writers borrow their plot from Hindu mythology which is used as a literary device. Many writers of the independence and post-independence era used mythology to spread nationalism and to guide humanity in the right path. Chitra Banerjee Divakaruni is a diasporic writer who always holds a piece of her love for motherland in her writings. She extensively uses Hindu mythology in her works. She uses these myths to instill courage in her woman protagonists. She tries to prove how myths guide the immigrant women to overcome their conflicts in life. Her novels explain how myths instruct the humanity to lead a righteous life.</p> Abisha S. V, Dr. Cynthia Catherine Michael Copyright (c) 2020 Abisha S. V, Dr. Cynthia Catherine Michael Thu, 31 Dec 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Trauma and Escapism: The Dual Faces of Holocaust in Markus Zusak’s The Book Thief <p>Markus Zusak’s novel, <em>The Book Thief</em> wholly recaptures the trauma induced by war-torn Germany upon its inhabitants. This study serves the purpose of juxtaposing the traumatic bereavement of the Holocaust survivors with their various escaping tendencies. The chief protagonist of the novel, Liesel is representative of the entire traumatized community who faces the darkest moments of their life and still survives. Her story as part of the developing canon of Holocaust literature thus exposes the destructive trauma and affirms the importance of community in the rehabilitation of the traumatized. The power of words as an escaping force amidst all the upheaval provided much impetus to the distressed souls of Nazi Germany. Books emerged as an escaping force in the lives of many in times of all treachery and destitute. Trauma and escapism hence, binds together the traumatic experiences and the escaping strategies which the characters share among themselves under a dictatorial setup.</p> Nicky Victor, Dr Cynthia Catherine Michael Copyright (c) 2020 Nicky Victor, Dr. Cynthia Catherine Michael Thu, 31 Dec 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Erroneous Tense Patterns in the English Used by Telugu People <p>This research paper attempts to explore certain deviations in the usage of English tenses by some Telugu people who require perfection at grammatical level of wording. By explaining the nature of deviant tense forms which can be treated as errors in teaching and learning pedagogical setting, this paper aims to identify the problematic typical erroneous patterns in their English grammar. Identification of underlying influences and pattern-wise understanding of the consequent deviant forms are very important to design remedial workbooks for specific needs of teaching and learning. Hence some frequent erroneous English tense patterns used by Telugu learners are briefed in this study. This study is assumed to be useful to many people with Telugu background to rectify their usage of ungrammatical English.</p> Dr. P. Lakshmi Narasa Dasu, Dr. Rama Rao Chevula Copyright (c) 2020 Dr. P. Lakshmi Narasa Dasu, Dr. Rama Rao Chevula Thu, 31 Dec 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Understanding the Notion of Power in Franz Kafka’s Short Story “The Vulture” <p>Power influences the lives of human beings in every aspect. A human being is engulfed in the power structure so badly that sometimes he is not even aware the way power is controlling his life. The present paper addresses the nature of power and how it operates at different levels by analyzing Franz Kafka’s short story <em>“</em>The Vulture<em>”</em>. It is an attempt to understand both positive and negative aspects of power and how it controls the lives of people using mind as an important source to change and control their lives. The paper traces power in the shape of vulture controlling the man and making him a victim in the story. &nbsp;</p> Simerjit Kaur Copyright (c) 2020 Simerjit Kaur Mon, 28 Dec 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Feminist Perspective in the Novel of Vikram Seth’s A Suitable Boy <p>Men and women are the two best creation of nature. She has provided both equal rights but it is man who is too clever and has full control over woman. From a very long time he has limited her freedom and rights. That is why, they have been victims of inequality and exploitation for a very long time. The society which is of traditional mindset believes that a woman should live in boundary wall, give birth to children and to look after them. Most of the religions of the world emphasize that women should be subordinate to and dependent on men. In childhood they should be in take care of father, in youth by her husband and in old age by her sons. The Hindu philosophy, the religious books of Hindu as the Vedas, the Bhagavad-Gita, the Muslims the Christians and others also have same views about the position of women in the society. All of them impose on women strict rules of discipline and prohibit them from the rights equal to men. The women’s position in the family has been that of a servile creature, a playing thing an object of lust and pleasures. Commenting on the position of females in the society Shantha Krishnaswany Writes :</p> Hari Lal Kori, Dr. Vipin Kumar Pandey Copyright (c) 2020 Hari Lal Kori, Dr. Vipin Kumar Pandey Mon, 28 Dec 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Reconstructing Aboriginal History and Cultural Identity through Self Narrative: A Study of Ruby Langford’s Autobiography Don‘t Take Your Love to Town <p>The last decades of previous century has witnessed the burgeoning of life narratives lending voice to the oppressed, dispossessed, and the colonized marginalities of race, class or gender across the world. A large number of autobiographical and biographical narratives that have appeared on the literary scene have started articulating their ordeals and their struggle for survival. The Aboriginals in Australia have started candidly articulating their side of story, exposing the harassment and oppression of their people in Australia. These oppressed communities find themselves sandwiched and strangled under the mainstream politics of multiculturalism, assimilation and secularism.</p> <p>The present paper seeks to analyze how life writing serves the purpose of history in celebrated Australian novelist, Aboriginal historian and social activist Ruby Langford’s autobiographical narrative, <em>Don’t</em> <em>Take Your Love to Town. </em>The Colonial historiography of Australian settlement has never accepted the fact of displacement and eviction of the Aboriginals from their land and culture. The whites systematically transplanted Anglo-Celtic culture and identity in the land of Australia which was belonged to the indigenous for centuries. &nbsp;<em>Don’t</em> <em>Take Your Love to Town</em> reconstructs the debate on history of the colonial settlement and status of Aboriginals under subsequent government policies like reconciliation, assimilation and multiculturalism. The paper is an attempt to gaze the assimilation policy adopted by the state to bring the Aboriginals into the mainstream politics and society on the one hand, and the regular torture, exploitation and cultural degradation of the Aboriginals recorded in the text on the other. In this respect the paper sees how Langford encounters British history of Australian settlement and the perspectives of Australian state towards the Aboriginals. The politics of mainstream culture, religion, race and ethnicity, which is directly or indirectly responsible for the condition of the Aboriginals, is also the part of discussion in the paper.</p> Pariksha Kumari Copyright (c) 2020 Pariksha Kumari Mon, 28 Dec 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Cartography of Mangled Minds: Mazen Maarouf’s Jokes for the Gunmen <p>“Power was the most important subject, as far as we were concerned, during the war” (6).</p> <p>The 20<sup>th</sup> century was dominated by the two World Wars, the Cold War and the post-Cold War conflicts. The 21<sup>st</sup> century appears to be no better. Just two decades into the new millennium and we are already experiencing the tremors of outbreaks across the globe, notably referred to as terrorism, ethnic conflict, civil wars and hybrid and&nbsp;special operations warfare. These nonstate, intrastate, and interstate violence have had an impact on the lives of millions of people. It is in this context that Booker longlisted work <em>Jokes for the Gunmen</em> (2019) by the Palestinian-Icelandic author Mazen Maarouf may be read. &nbsp;&nbsp;Maarouf weaves together twelve stories that offer a kaleidoscope of insights on the impact of war on the civilian population. &nbsp;<em>Jokes for the Gunmen</em> is grounded in a conflict zone that is for the most part unspecified, except in the “Gramophone” where it is Lebanon (55) while in “Juan and Ausa” it is Spain. Thus the narratives are universalized to reinforce the idea that war is an act of violence against the global citizen and everybody and everywhere is its target. The characters are never given names except for Hossam in “Other –People’s –Dreams - Syndrome” and Juan and Ausa in the eponymous story. This buttresses the design of the universality of the narratives. The author seems to drive home the fact that no one can claim immunity from war and this becomes only too obvious with the narrative space being inundated with fatalities. Again, as we march along the narratives, we find that the boundaries between combatants and civilians, battlefronts and domestic spaces have almost blurred. Everyone is now at the combat zone and the combat zone is everywhere. The private domain of the hearth and the home that once signified security and well-being has also been transformed into dangerous territory. &nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Judith Sebastian Kurishumoottil Manalil Copyright (c) 2020 Judith Sebastian Kurishumoottil Manalil Mon, 28 Dec 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Relevance of Dalit Life Narratives: A Contextual Study of Urmila Pawar’s ‘The Weave of My Life: A Dalit Woman’s Memoirs’ <p>Urmila Pawar’s autobiography<em> Aaydan (The Weave of My Life: A Dalit Woman's Memoirs)</em> is a moving saga of a socially deprived woman who fights all odds in life.&nbsp; Pawar narrates the pitiable tales of three generations of Dalit women driven deeper into invisibility by the patriarchy. In her memoir, Pawar not only shares her tireless efforts to surmount hideous personal tragedies but also conveys the excitement of an awakening consciousness among the Dalit community. This paper explores the relevance of Dalit autobiography in the present scenario with particular reference to Urmila Pawar's autobiography <em>The Weave of My Life:</em> <em>A Dalit Woman's Memoirs. </em>She delicately navigates her readers through her long journey from the harsh landscape of the Konkan region to Mumbai, first as a Mahar and later as a woman as she challenged the conventions of both caste and gender to emerge as an activist and strong literary voice. Urmila Pawar is an Indian writer and activist, born in a Hindu Mahar family in Maharashtra. Apart from <em>The Weave of My Life</em> she has published several short story collection which talk about the caste-class and gender axes in everyday life. She is a prominent figure in the Dalit and feminist movements. Her writings are hailed as a critique of social discrimination.</p> Revathi M. Anil Copyright (c) 2020 Revathi M. Anil Mon, 28 Dec 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Diasporic Consciousness in Jhumpa Lahiri’s The Namesake <p>The term Diaspora has multiple layers of meaning in academic circles today. The term primarily used to refer to Jewish dispersion, came to be used to refer to contemporary situations that involve the experiences of migration, expatriate workers, refugees, exiles, immigrants and ethnic communities. The Indian Diaspora can probably be traced to ancient times when Buddhist monks travelled to remote corners of Asia. During the ancient times a large number of Indians migrated to Far East and South East Asia to spread Buddhism. The issues of colonialism and slavery, insider- outsider have posed the most difficult problems in the production of identity particularly for the black and third world people. In this way, the many diasporic–literary energies work today. For example, India, Africa, Canada and the West Indies have distinct diasporic backgrounds through which the respective writers’ works echo a variety of issues.</p> Dr. Durgesh Nautiyal Copyright (c) 2020 Dr. Durgesh Nautiyal Mon, 28 Dec 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Cultural Shock in Anita Desai’s Novels <p>Cultural Shock is a phenomenon which is generally experienced by the migrants whether they migrate for jobs, studies or in case of women, after marriage. Anita Desai has dealt with Cultural Shock in her novels along with other major themes.</p> <p>Anita Desai is one of the pioneers of Indian English Literature. Her novels are replete with themes of Cultural hybridity, alienation, nostalgia cross-cultural clashes etc. These themes are studied under the gamut of theme of Cultural Shock which forms a prominent theme of Desai’s novels. The characters she potrays in her novels undergo a transition from one culture to another wherein they receive this Cultural Shock because the new culture appears to them completely alien and contradictory to their opionions. Critics have often praised her for her lucid writing style and fecundity of thought in various books, edited volumes and research articles. However, the theme of Cultural Shock explicitly expressed in her novels has not caught the attention of many critics. There seems to be a considerable dearth of critcal appraisal with regard to the experience of Cultural Shock by her characters once they migrate from homelands to abroad.</p> <p>The present study aims to fill this void by emphasizing and critically examining the novels of Anita Desai with respect to the theme of Cultural Shock. The Cultural Shock of individuals which Anita Desai has potrayed in her books once they migrate from subcontinent towards the western world. The characters make a conscious choice or sometimes a forced decisions to migrate in expectation of better future and life in the new found worlds. The paper analyses the experience of Cultural Shock by these migrants once they reach and confront the alien cultures.</p> <p>&nbsp;The paper will also deal with the resultant themes of alienation, depression, nostalgia and agony experienced by the characters once they migrate from eastern cultures to western culture. The research article also delves deep into the cross-cultural connections and hybridity produced once the two culture meet and mingle in an individual’s personal life.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Sami- Ullah Bhat, Dr. Tushar Nair Copyright (c) 2020 Sami-Ullah Bhat, Dr. Tushar Nair Mon, 28 Dec 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Alienation and the Dilemma of Man in Eugene O’Neill’s The Hairy Ape <p>Eugene O' Neill, an American playwright was born into a troubled and an upset family on October 16, 1888. Eugene O’ Neill had a quite precarious, wobbly and uneven adolescence as his elder brother was an affirmed alcoholic whereas his mom was a drug addict. This research paper analyzes the alienation, dilemma and the futile struggle of man in the quest of his identity. O'Neill followed the course of a superior and advanced writer looking for a profound focus in the entirety of his significant works. His perspective on humankind in his dramatizations is basically sad and heartbreaking. The author needed to cause man to feel free from all worries and inhale outside fresh air and build up a feeling of having a place in the general public in which he lived. However, it was impractical.</p> Dr. Anum Mirza Copyright (c) 2020 Dr. Anum Mirza Mon, 28 Dec 2020 00:00:00 +0000